Microbiological preparations for soil and plant health and productivity
Most microorganisms affect both our environment and our health, as well as the environment and health of our plants. Each hectare of arable land contains 2-6 tons of fungi and bacteria. One gram of soil contains up to 108, i.e. 100 million different bacteria. Microorganisms – plant pathogens reduce crop yields and degrade their quality. Synthetic plant protection products are widely used in practice to protect plants from exposure to pathogenic microorganisms. However, substances that were commonly used in plant protection are increasingly banned in the world. Therefore, it is time to look at alternatives and one of the methods of plant strengthening is the use of specialized microbiological preparations. Microorganisms against microorganisms!
Latvia’s nature as a whole is relatively healthy and untouched, and ecological niches are relatively full. With purposeful action and moderate, sensible intervention, we can achieve an optimal effect. By regularly supplementing the soil with beneficial microorganisms isolated from the Latvian soil, we ensure the predominance of plant-beneficial microorganisms, and thus gain dominance and control over pathogenic microorganisms and gain economic benefits.
The microbiological fertilizers created in Latvia (Bioefekts SIA) are unique and are a local pride.They contain many different plant-friendly microorganisms that, when released into the soil, release vitamins, growth stimulants and natural antibiotics, improve the supply of minerals to plants, bind atmospheric nitrogen and store it in the soil. Plant metabolism and development improves, resistance strengthens. Plants grow faster and bloom faster, are more resistant to adverse environmental factors and less sick and, of course, yield factor. These products created in Latvia mainly use microorganisms from several physiological groups. The most suitable are selected according to plant requirements and environmental conditions. Each product also has an optimally balanced ratio of microorganisms, which has emerged from long-term scientific research. The products contain both microscopic fungi (genus Trichoderma) and bacteria (Azotobacter, Bacillus, Polyangium, Pseudomonas, Rhizobium, Streptomyces).
Plant-friendly soil microorganisms live and multiply intensively near plant roots – in the rhizosphere. They work with the plant to supply nutrients, converting insoluble compounds (phosphates, potassium, etc.) into plants. In turn, the roots of plants release mucus, thus attracting microorganisms and retaining the colonies formed by them.
Effectiveness of exposure to plant-friendly soil microorganisms:
- Improves soil structure and fertility, lowers acidity, actively participates in improving and regulating soil microflora;
- Promotes faster recovery of soil fertility, binds products of technogenic pollution and prevents their entry into plants;
- By releasing a wide range of enzymes, it participates in the active degradation of cellulose (plant and root residues), thus improving the amount of soil organic and humus substances;
- Releases mineral salts and carbon dioxide – new nutrients for plants.
- Accelerates seed germination processes and develops a strong root system, promoting plant development;
- The release of cytokines and axins strengthens the immune system, resistance to disease and adverse weather conditions (drought and frost resistance);
- Able to freely bind atmospheric nitrogen (N) in soil 25-35 kg per ha. Together with legumes up to 200 kg / ha
- Activates metabolic processes in the plant and improves the bioavailability of nutrients;
- Increases the release of micro and macro (P; K) elements and increases the assimilation coefficient with plants, reducing their rate of use by 30-55%;
- Reduces the amount of chemicals and minerals used in cultivation or does not use them at all.
- Reduces nitrate content and prevents the accumulation of heavy metals and pesticides in plant cells;
- Increases the quality characteristics of cultivated products and increases the productivity of cereals, oilseeds, legumes and vegetables from 15%;
- They do not cause negative side effects and are completely harmless to humans, plants, animals
- There is no resistance of pathogenic (harmful) organisms to microorganisms;
- They also help plants in cases where plant pathogens have become resistant to chemicals;
- They live in the soil, improving next year’s harvest
- Provides economic returns;
It is desirable to apply microbiological fertilizers in time, even before the deterioration of plant health, so it should be used prophylactically. By regularly supplementing the soil with microbiological fertilizers, we ensure the predominance of plant-friendly microorganisms. This strengthens plant immunity in a timely manner, makes them less susceptible to disease and pest damage, and grows healthy and more productive.